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Independent Science on Turf Pesticides and Children’s Health

The following scientific studies on turf pesticides are the property of their respective Copyright owners

I. Cancer

1. Pesticide Exposure as Risk Factor for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Including Histopathological Subgroup Analysis. Eriksson, Hardell, Carlberg and Akerman. International Journal of Cancer: 123, 1657-1663 (2008).

2. Childhood Brain Tumors, Residential Insecticide Exposure, and Pesticide Metabolism Genes. Neilsen, McKean-Cowdin, et al. Environmental Health Perspectives 118(1):144-149 (2010).


3. Residential Pesticides and Childhood Leukemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Turner, Wigle and Krewski. Environmental Health Perspectives 118(1):33-41 (2010).


4. Pesticides and Cancer: Insights into Toxicoproteomic-Based Findings. George and Shukla. Journal of Proteomics 74: 2713-2722 (2011).


5. Characterization of Residential Pesticide Use and Chemical Formulations through Self-Report and Household Inventory: The Northern California Childhood Leukemia Study. Guhla, Ward, et al. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(2):276-282 (2013).


6. Residential Exposures to Pesticides and Childhood Leukemia. Metayer and Buffler. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 132(2):212-219 (2008).

7. Household Exposure to Pesticides and Risk of Childhood Acute Leukemia. Menegaux, Baruchel, et al. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 63:131-134 (2006).


8. Association Between Chronic Exposure to Pesticides and Recorded Cases of Human Malignancy in Gaza Governorates (1990-1999). Safi, Jamal M. The Science of the Total Environment 284:75-84 (2002).


9. A Case-Control Study of Childhood Brain Tumors and Fathers’ Hobbies – A Children’s Oncology Group Study. Rosso, Hovinga, et al. National Institutes of Health, Cancer Causes Control 19(10):1201- 1207 (2008).


10. Reported Residential Pesticide Use and Breast Cancer Risk on Long Island, New York. Tietelbaum, Gammon, et al. American Journal of Epidemiology 165(6):643-651 (2007).


11. Parental Occupational Exposure to Pesticides and Childhood Brain Cancer. Wijnggaarden, Stewart, et al. American Journal of Epidemiology 157(11)989-997 (2003).


12. In Utero Pesticide Exposure and Leukemia in Brazilian Children <2 Years of Age. Ferreira, Couto, Pombo-de-Oliveira, and Kolfman. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(2):269-75 (2013).

II. Neurological Effects 

13. Pesticide Toxicity and the Developing Brain. Eskenazi, Rojas, Marks, et al. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, 102, 228-236 (2008).


14. Neurobehavioral and Neurodevelopmental Effects of Pesticide Exposures. London, L. et al. NeuroToxicology 33 887-896 (2012).


15. Exposures of Children to Organophosphate Pesticides and Their Potential Adverse Health Effects. Eskenazi, Bradman and Castorina. Environmental Health Perspectives 107(supl 3):409-419 (1999).

16. Prenatal and Childhood Exposure to Pesticides and Neurobehavioral Development: Review of Epidemiological Studies. Jurewicz abd Hanke. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 21(2): 121-132 (2008).


17. Brain Anomalies in Children Exposed Prenatally to a Common Organophosphate Pesticide. Rauh, Perea, et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, (March 2012).


18. Prenatal Exposure to Organophosphates, Paraoxonase 1, and Cognitive Development in Childhood. Engel, Wetmur, et al. Environmental Health Perspectives 119(8):1182-1188 (2011).


19. Fetal Exposure to Propoxur and Abnormal Child Neurodevelopment at 2 Years of Age. Ostrea, Jr., Reyes, et al. NeuroToxicology 33 669-675 (2012).


20. Neurodevelopmental and Neurobehavioral Effects of Organophosphate Pesticides Exposure in Newborns and Children. Florian, Cristina, et al. Enviornmental Security Assessment and Management of Obsolete Pesticides in Southeast Europe. Springer Netherlands, 2013. 139-145.


21. Review of Current Evidence on the Impact of Pesticides, Polycholorinated Biphenyls and Selected Metals on Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children. Polanska, Jurewicz, and Hanke. International Journal of Occupation Medicine and Environmental Health 26(1):16-38 (2013).


22. Parental Occupational Exposure to Pesticides as Risk Factor for Brain Tumors in Children and Young Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Van Maele-Fabry, Hoet, and Lison. Environment International 56:19-31 (2013).

III. Endocrine Disruption 


23. Pesticides and Children. Garry, Vincent F. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 198:153-163 (2004).


24. Toxic Effects of Pesticide Mixtures at a Molecular Level: Their Relevance to Human Health. Hernandez, Parron, et al. Toxicology: Article In Press (June 21 2012).


25. Persistent Developmental Toxicity in Rat Offspring After Low Dose Exposure to a Mixture of Endocrine Disrupting Pesticides. Jacobsen, Axelstad, et al. Reproductive Toxicology 34:237-250 (2012).


26. Neurodevelopment and Endocrine Disruption. Theo Colborn. Environmental Health Perspectives 112(9):944-949 (2004).


27. Endocrine Disrupting Pesticides: Implication for Risk Assessment. McKinlay, Plant, Bell and Voulvoulis. Environmental International 34:168-183 (2007).


28. Currently Used Pesticides and Their Mixtures Affect the Function of Sex Hormone Receptors and Aromatase Enzyme Activity. Kjeldsen, Ghisari, and Bonefeld-Jørgensen. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology (2013).


29. Effect of Nonpersistent Pesticides on Estrogen Receptor, Androgen Receptor, and Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor. Medjakovic, Zoechling, et al. Environmental Toxicology (2013).

IV. Asthma 

30. Respiratory Symptoms in Children and Exposure to Pesticides. Salameh, Baldi, et al. European

Respiratory Journal 22:507-512 (2003).


31. Gene-Environmental Interactions and Airway Disease in Children. Schwartz, David A. Pediatrics, Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics 123:S151-S155 (2009).


32. Identifying and Managing Adverse Environmental Health Effects: Pesticides. Sanbron, Cole, Abelsohn and Weir. Canadian Medical Association Journal 166(11):1431-1436 (2002).


33. Pesticides and Asthma. Hernandez, Parron and Alarcon. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 11(2):90-96 (2011).

V. Reports 

34. Commonly Used Pesticides – Human Health & Environment Impacts. Updated and Adapted by the Healthy Communities Project, Wisconsin and produced with a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2006.


35. Pesticide Exposure in Children. Policy Statement, Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. November 26, 2012.


36. America’s Children and the Environment, Third Edition. United States Environmental Protection Agency. January 2013.


37. President’s Cancer Panel 2008-2009 Annual Report: Reducing Environmental Cancer Risk. Suzanne H. Reuben. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. April 2010.


38. Risks From Lawn-Care Pesticides: Including Inadequate Packaging and Labeling. Environment and Human Health. 2003.


39. Hazards of Pesticides and Children’s Health. Beyond Pesticides National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides. 2005.


40. Pesticides and Human Chronic Diseases: Evidences, Mechanisms and Perspectives. Mostafalou and Abdollahi. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 268(2):157-177 (2013)

II. Neurological Effects
III. Endocrine Disruption
IV. Asthma
V. Reports
I. Cancer
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