Smart Meters

Utility companies across the country are actively replacing their analog meters with wireless versions (known as "smart meters") that monitor your use of electricity, gas, and water, and report directly to the utility companies.


There are many different types of smart meters, all utilizing radiofrequency microwave ("wireless") radiation to transmit data to collection sites.  How often they transmit, and how much radiation they emit, depends on the type of meter and its internal programming.

• Smart utility meters emit powerful RF radiation as they transmit information about your usage to the utility.


• Smart meters transmit data in short, high bursts of energy. Manufacturers and the FCC average these exposures over time, making the exposure look small.


• Many states and utilities offer an "opt-out" option for individuals and families concerned about health impacts, and legislation to require an opt-out is pending in many states. 

Fast Facts

Smart meters have not been proven safe. Children, pregnant women, and people with implanted medical devices are particularly vulnerable to the health impacts of exposure to RF radiation, especially the type of short-burst, high-level signals transmitted by smart meters. Many people have reported the development of adverse medical symptoms immediately after the installation of a smart meter. These symptoms mirror those documented in the medical literature from exposure to wireless radiation: headaches, insomnia, dizziness, inability to concentrate, nausea and heart irregularities.

"Multiple studies correlate RF exposure with diseases such as cancer, neurological disease, reproductive disorders, immune dysfunction, and electromagnetic hypersensitivity."

- American Academy of Environmental Medicine

Smart meters go by many names: AMR, ERT, AMI, “one-way digital” and “two-way digital.” All of these devices emit pulsed radiation.  The only proven safe utility meter is a mechanical analog meter.


​In many areas, demand is growing for a smart meter opt-out option for families and individuals who are concerned about health impacts. Legislation for an "opt-out" has passed in Vermont and is pending in several other states to require utilities to offer such an option. Many groups concerned about security and privacy are also opposing the installation of these meters and demanding an opt-out.


Smart Meter Resources

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Related Podcasts from Green Street

• The Problem with Smart Meters with Josh Hart

What Scientists Know and You Don't with Joel Moskowitz

Microwave Radiation Sickness with Dafna Tachover

Cracking the Havana Syndrome with Beatrice Golomb