top of page
Independent Science on Hydro-Fracking

The following scientific studies on Hydro-Fracking are the property of their respective Copyright owners

I. Health Impacts


1. Natural Gas Operations from a Public Health Perspective  (Colborn, Kwiatkowski, Schultz, Bachran) Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, Sept.  2011


2. Impacts of Gas Drilling on Human and Animal Health (Bamberger, Oswald) New Solutions, 2012


3. Understanding Exposure From Natural Gas Drilling Puts Current Air Standards to the Test (Brown, Weinberger, Lewis, Bonaparte) Reviews on Environmental Health, April 2014


4. Investigating Links Between Shale Gas Development and Health Impacts Through A Community Survey Project in Pennsylvania  (Steinzor, Subra, Sumi) New Solutions, 2013


5. Birth Outcomes and Maternal Residential Proximity to Natural Gas Development in Rural Colorado (McKenzie, Guo, Witter, Savitz, Newman, Adgate) Environmental Health Perspectives, April 2014

6. Chemical and Biological Risk Assessment for Natural Gas Extraction in New York (Bishop) March 2011


7. The Implications of Unconventional Drilling for Natural Gas, A Global Public Health Concern (Finkel and Hays) Public Health, October 2013


8. An Exploratory Study of Air Quality Near Natural Gas Operations (Colburn, Schultz, Herrick, Kwiatkowksi) Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, November 2012


9. Estrogen and Androgen Receptor Activities of Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Surface and Ground Water in a Drilling-Dense Region (Kassotis, Tillitt, Davis, Hormann, Nagel) General Endocrinology, March 2014


10. Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development  (Shonkoff, Hays, Finkel) Environmental Health Perspectives, August 2014

11. Fatalities Among Oil and Gas Extraction Workers -- United States 2003-2006  (Node, Conway) CDC MMR Weekly, April 2008


12. Battlement Mesa Draft HIA (Colorado School of Public Health) February 2011


13. Public Health and High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing (Korfmacher, Jones, Malone, Vinci) New Solutions, 2013

II. Water Contamination 

14. Potential Contaminant Pathways from Hydraulically Fractured Shale of Aquifers (Myers) National Ground Water Association. Ground Water, April 2012


15. Methane Contamination of Drinking Water Accompanying Gas-Well Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing (Osborn, Vengosh, Warner, Jackson) PNAS 2011


16. Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing on Water Resources (Swackhamer, University of Minnesota) - Power Point document

17. Investigation of Ground Water Contamination near Pavillion, Wyoming (draft) - (Summary only) (DiGiulio, Wilkin, Miller, Oberly) Environmental Protection Agency, 2011


18. Geochemical Evidence For Possible Natural Migration of Marcellus Formation Brine to Shallow Aquifers in Pennsylvania (Warner, Jackson, Darrah, Osborn, Down, Zhao, White, Vengosh) Proceedings of the National Academies of Science of the United States, 2012


19. Water Pollution Risk Associated with Natural Gas Extraction from the Marcellus Shale (Rozell and Reaven) Risk Analysis, August 2012

III. Air Pollution

20. Human Health Risk Assessment of Air Emissions from Development of Unconventional Natural Gas Resources (McKenzie, Witter, Newman, Adgate) Colorado School of Public Health, 2012


21.  Air Pollutant Emissions from Shale Gas Development and Production (Robinson, Carnegie Mellon) - Power Point document

IV.  Wastes / Wastewater 

22. Organic Substances in Produced and Formation Water from Unconventional Natural Gas Extraction in Coal and Shale (Orem, Tatu, Varonka, Lerch, Bates, Engle, Crosby, McIntosh) International Journal of Coal Geology, January 2014


23. Geochemical Evaluation of Flowback Brine from Marcellus Gas Wells in Pennsylvania, USA (Haluszczak, Rose, Kump) Applied Geochemistry, October 2012


24. Analysis of Reserve Pit Sludge from Unconventional Natural Gas Hydraulic Fracturing and Drilling Operations for the Presence of Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (TENORM) (Rich and Crosby) New Solutions, 2013

V. Wells / Radiation Risks

25. History of Oil and Gas Well Abandonment in New York (Bishop) SUNY College at Oneonta, 2012


26. Radium Content of Oil- and Gas-Field Produced Waters in the Northern Appalachian Basin (Rowan, Engle, Kirby, Kraemer) USGS 2011


VI. Climate Impacts 


27. Methane and the Greenhouse Gas Footprint of Natural Gas from Shale Formations (Howarth, Santoro, Ingraffea) Climate Change, 2011


28. Venting and Leaking of Methane from Shale Gas Development: Response to Cathles et al (Howarth, Santoro, Ingraffea) Climate Change, 2012


29. Coal To Gas: The Influence of Methane Leakage (Wigley) Climate Change, August 2011

I. Health Impacts
II. Water Contamination
III. Air Pollution
IV. Wastes/Wastewater
V. Wells/Radiation Risks
VI. Climate Impacts

The documents contained in this digest are the property of the copyright owners and are for educational purposes only. 

Compilation prepared by Grassroots Environmental Education, Inc., 184 Main Street, Port Washington, New York 11050. 

bottom of page